Observing vs. Inferring
Believe it or not observing and inferring are two different things! This page will explain what observing and inferring are and will help show the differences between the two terms.
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Observations refer to noting a fact or occurrence by using our five senses.
We make observations by using our sight, smell, touch, taste,and our ability to hear.
Qualitative and Quantitative Observations
In science observations can be qualitative or quantitative. Qualitative observations describe the quality of an object,such as a objects color, shape, and size. Quantitative observations measures the amount of an object, such as weight or height.
Inferences are explanations or interpretations of what you are observing. They are statements that explain what you are observing.
Process of Inferring
Look at the picture of the rainbow above. What can we infer from looking at this picture?
Possible inferences include: